Breast cancer affects millions of women in the United States, with about 1 in 8 women developing the disease in their lifetime. In many cases, doctors recommend a mastectomy as a treatment option to remove cancerous cells or prevent the disease from spreading.

Because a mastectomy is a surgical procedure in which one or both breasts are removed, recovery can be physically and emotionally demanding. But the recovery process can be smoother with the right strategies and support.

The following tips can help you manage the physical and emotional aspects of mastectomy recovery and provide valuable insights and resources to support your journey toward healing and well-being.

Preparing for Mastectomy Recovery

Preparing for mastectomy recovery is essential to ensure a smooth transition from surgery to full recovery. It involves planning and preparation for physical and emotional challenges that may arise.

Communicate With Your Doctor

Before your mastectomy surgery, having an open and honest conversation with your doctor is essential. Ask them what type of mastectomy you will have, what to expect during recovery, and when you can resume daily activities.

Factors such as age, overall health, and the extent of the surgery can affect your recovery plan. Your doctor can also provide guidance on pain management, wound care, and exercises to aid recovery. Also, ask your doctor about potential complications, such as lymphedema, and what steps you can take to minimize your risk.

Self-Care Before Surgery

Self-care before surgery can help you prepare your body and mind for recovery. This may include eating a healthy diet, staying hydrated, and getting plenty of rest. Schedule a haircut or facial, or get your brows shaped since it may be a while before you follow your regular beauty routine.

Also, consider incorporating stress-reducing activities into your routine, such as yoga, meditation, or spending time with loved ones.

Post-Surgery Arrangements

Making post-surgery arrangements before your mastectomy can reduce stress and ensure a smoother recovery. Arrange for someone to take you to and from the hospital, and consider having a friend or family member stay with you during the first few days after surgery.

Prepare a comfortable and safe recovery space at home with soft pillows, blankets, and items within reach. It’s also a good idea to stock up on groceries and prepare meals in advance to reduce the need for cooking. By taking these steps, you can focus on your recovery and allow your body the time it needs to heal.

Physical Recovery

Physical recovery after a mastectomy can be challenging, but with the right knowledge and preparation, you can make the process more manageable. There are several key aspects to consider during your physical recovery:

Understanding the Post-Surgery Phases

Recovery after a mastectomy typically involves three phases: the immediate post-operative phase, the early recovery phase, and the long-term recovery phase. The immediate post-operative phase lasts the first few days after surgery, during which you may experience pain, swelling, and drainage.

The early recovery phase can last between 4 and 8 weeks, during which you may need to limit your activities and engage in regular physical therapy exercises. The long-term recovery phase may last several months to a year, during which you will gradually regain your strength and range of motion.

Pain Management

Effective pain management is crucial for a smoother physical recovery after mastectomy surgery. Your doctor may prescribe pain medications or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage discomfort.

Examples of pain medications that may be prescribed include acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and opioids. While opioids are effective at managing pain, they can be addictive and have potential side effects, such as nausea and constipation. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and take the medications as directed. Keep your doctor informed about any changes in your pain levels.

In addition to medication, your doctor may also suggest alternative pain management techniques such as heat therapy or relaxation exercises like deep breathing, meditation, and guided imagery. These alternative methods can be a good option for those who want to avoid or reduce their use of pain medication.

Amoena Hannah Wire-Free Mastectomy Bra Kit

Swelling and Drainage

Swelling and drainage are common after a mastectomy. Your doctor may place a drain to remove excess fluid from the surgery site. It’s essential to carefully monitor the drain and follow your doctor’s instructions for care. Wear a comfortable post-operative camisole, bra, or vest with drain pouches like the Amoena Hannah Wire-Free Mastectomy Bra Kit.

Elevating the affected arm and wearing compression garments like the ABC Velcro Front Compression Bra may help reduce swelling and promote healing.

Stitches and Sutures

After a mastectomy, your doctor may use stitches or sutures to close the incision. The type of sutures used varies depending on the surgeon’s preference, the type of mastectomy performed, and your circumstances.

In some cases, your surgeon may use dissolvable sutures, which dissolve over time and do not require removal. Other sutures may need to be removed during a follow-up appointment with your doctor. If your sutures need to be removed, your doctor will schedule a follow-up appointment 7-14 days after surgery, depending on the location and size of the incision.

Keeping the incision site clean and dry is essential to prevent infection and promote healing. Your doctor will provide specific instructions on how to care for your incision and when you can resume activities such as showering or bathing. It’s essential to follow these instructions carefully and report any signs of infection, such as redness, swelling, or discharge, to your doctor right away.

Arm and Shoulder Exercises

After a mastectomy, performing arm and shoulder exercises can help you regain strength, increase flexibility, and improve your range of motion. Some beneficial exercises include chest wall stretches, elbow wings, side bends, and wand exercises. These exercises can be done while sitting or standing and should be started gradually to avoid strain or injury.

Consult with a doctor or physical therapist before starting any exercise program to ensure it is safe and tailored to your needs. Some exercises may need to be avoided initially, depending on the extent of the surgery. Your physical therapist or doctor will provide guidance on when to start exercising and which exercises will be most beneficial for you.

Amoena 44872 Jolie Non-Wired Mastectomy Sports Bra

Before beginning an exercise regime, invest in a high-quality sports bra. The Amoena Jolie Non-Wired Mastectomy Sports Bra offers the ideal combination of comfort and firm support. It features bilateral pockets that create a smooth silhouette and is made of breathable, structured fabric with temperature-balancing technology. With wider under bust and front straps, as well as adjustable elastic back straps, it can be worn in a variety of styles for different movements during sports activities.

Emotional Recovery

Emotional recovery after a mastectomy is just as important as physical recovery. Coping with depression, anxiety, mental stress, and PTSD is a common experience for many women. Support groups can be a helpful resource in dealing with these emotional challenges.

Coping with Depression and Anxiety

Mastectomy surgery can be a life-changing experience that may trigger a range of emotions, including depression and anxiety. These feelings are normal. Talk to your doctor if you’re experiencing any symptoms of depression or anxiety. Your doctor may recommend medications like SSRIs, SNRIs, or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to help you manage these feelings. Engaging in activities that you enjoy can help improve your mood and overall well-being.

Mental Stress and PTSD

Mental stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are also common after a mastectomy, with around 82.5% of women experiencing PTSD symptoms. PTSD can develop when a person experiences a traumatic event, such as a serious illness or surgery.

Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares, and avoidance of certain situations. Talk to your doctor if you’re experiencing symptoms of mental stress or PTSD. Your doctor may recommend therapy, such as cognitive restructuring or talk therapy, to help you manage these feelings and develop coping strategies.

Support Groups

Support groups can be a valuable resource for emotional recovery after a mastectomy. Talking to other women who have gone through similar experiences can be comforting and provide a sense of connection. You may find it helpful to join a support group online or in-person to share your feelings, ask questions, and receive support from others who understand what you’re going through.

Support groups can be found through organizations such as the American Cancer Society,, and Susan G. Komen.

The American Cancer Society offers online and in-person support groups, including ones specifically for breast cancer patients and survivors. has a community forum where women can connect with others and share their experiences. The organization also has a helpline where trained professionals provide support and guidance.

Susan G. Komen provides a breast care helpline that can connect you with resources in your area, including support groups.

Post-Mastectomy Recovery at Home

You should be able to return home after spending 1-3 days at the hospital after your mastectomy. Mastectomy recovery at home requires proper self-care and following your doctor’s instructions. This includes maintaining a healthy diet, getting enough sleep and rest, and gradually resuming daily activities can help you recover smoothly.

Home-Care After Mastectomy

Proper wound care is crucial for preventing infection and promoting healing. Before you leave the hospital or clinic, your doctor or nurse will provide instructions on how to care for your incision site, such as how often to clean it and what products to use. You should also look out for signs of infection, such as swelling, redness, warmth, or drainage from the incision site, and contact your doctor straight away if you notice any of these symptoms.

Drains may also be placed after surgery to remove excess fluid from the surgical site. Your healthcare providers will show you how to care for the drains, such as how to measure and record the amount of fluid drained, empty and clean the drainage bags, and identify signs of infection or other complications.

Food Intake and Healthy Eating

Proper nutrition is essential for wound healing, tissue repair, and supporting the immune system to prevent infections. Eating a balanced diet can also help manage post-surgical side effects such as fatigue, constipation, and nausea.

Protein is a crucial nutrient for tissue repair and rebuilding. It is important to include lean protein sources such as chicken, fish, beans, and lentils in your diet. These foods also provide essential vitamins and minerals such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12, which are important for maintaining energy levels and promoting wound healing.

Fruits and vegetables are also essential components of a healthy recovery diet. They are rich in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals to reduce inflammation and promote healing. Some good options include lemons, oranges, pineapple, berries, green leafy vegetables, and cruciferous vegetables like cauliflower and broccoli.

In addition to protein, fruits, and vegetables, it is crucial to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water. This can help to prevent dehydration, which can worsen post-surgical fatigue. Drinking water can also help flush out toxins and waste products from the body, improving overall healing.

Sleep and Rest

Getting enough sleep and avoiding strenuous activities is vital for the healing process after a mastectomy. Aim for at least seven hours of sleep per night, as recommended by the Sleep Foundation.

Sleep is vital in boosting immunity, managing mood, and reducing stress. During sleep, the body produces cytokines, which help to fight off infections and inflammation. Lack of sleep can weaken the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight off infections and recover from surgery.

Sleep also helps regulate mood and reduce stress levels, which are important for emotional recovery after a mastectomy. Inadequate sleep can lead to feelings of irritability, anxiety, and depression.

To promote good sleep, create a calming sleep space, avoid alcohol and caffeine before bedtime, and establish a consistent sleep schedule. It is also important to avoid sleeping on the side of the mastectomy for the first few weeks as it can put pressure on the incision site and cause discomfort. Wearing a comfortable sleep bra can help you maintain proper posture while resting.

Leonisa 091016 Multipurpose Pullover Seamless Sleep Bra

The Leonisa Multipurpose Seamless Pullover Sleep Bra offers both comfort and function. Made of soft, light fabric, it features full-coverage cups and underarm for confidence and support. Its wireless and hookless design makes it perfect for sleeping and daily wear. Its seamless, double-layered, pocketed cups have removable contour padding and antibacterial technology to keep you fresh. The soft elasticated underbust band and wider straps provide comfort and support without digging into your shoulders.

Getting Back to Daily Routine

While it is essential to rest after surgery, it is also important to gradually get back to your daily routine as your body heals. Start with simple activities like light walking and gradually increase your activity level as recommended by your doctor. It is also important to avoid lifting heavy objects and performing activities that strain your upper body muscles.

Having a support system at home, including friends and family, is crucial for assisting with daily tasks and providing emotional support. Consider hiring a caregiver or nurse to provide additional support during the initial recovery phase.

Reconstructive Surgery

Reconstructive surgery is an option for women who have undergone a mastectomy and want to restore the appearance of their breasts. Different breast reconstruction options are available, and it’s important to choose based on your unique circumstances, preferences, and goals.

Breast Reconstruction Options

There are two main breast reconstruction types: implant-based and autologous reconstruction. Implant-based reconstruction involves placing a breast implant under the chest muscle or skin to create a breast mound.

Autologous reconstruction uses tissue from another part of your body, such as your abdomen or buttocks, to create a new breast. This may be done using a flap technique, which involves moving skin, fat, and sometimes muscle from one area to another, or a grafting procedure, which involves taking tissue from one part of the body and attaching it to another.

Breast reconstruction can increase your overall recovery time following a mastectomy. For implant-based reconstruction, recovery typically lasts about four to six weeks, while recovery time for flap reconstruction can be longer, taking up to eight weeks or more.

The decision to undergo breast reconstruction is personal and should be made in consultation with your doctor and a plastic surgeon. Factors to consider include your overall health, the size and shape of your remaining breast, and your personal preferences regarding the appearance and feel of the reconstructed breast.

Timing of Reconstruction

The timing of breast reconstruction is a personal decision that depends on various factors, such as the extent of the mastectomy, the need for radiation therapy, and your preferences.

Immediate breast reconstruction after mastectomy has several advantages, such as preserving breast skin and creating a more natural-looking breast shape. Additionally, you can wake up from the mastectomy with a reconstructed breast, which can positively impact your emotional well-being. However, immediate reconstruction may not be suitable for all women, especially those who need radiotherapy treatment or have underlying health issues.

Delayed reconstruction is often recommended for women who require radiation therapy after mastectomy, as radiation can damage the reconstructed breast tissue and increase the risk of complications. Additionally, some women may need more time to recover from the mastectomy before undergoing reconstruction surgery. However, delayed reconstruction may require additional surgery, which can be a downside for some women.

Alternative to Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction is not the right choice for everyone. Some women may opt for a breast prosthesis or breast form, which can be worn inside a mastectomy bra or attached to the skin using adhesive. Prostheses come in different shapes and sizes to match your remaining breast and can provide a natural appearance under clothing.

ABC Custom Breast Forms

Custom breast prostheses are the best option for women who do not want reconstructive surgery. Customized breast forms are designed to contour to your body and match your skin tone for the most comfortable fit and realistic appearance. At A Fitting Experience Mastectomy Shoppe, we offer ABC custom breast forms created using state-of-the-art 3D imaging and CAD/CAM technology.

Get the Support Your Need at A Fitting Experience Mastectomy Shoppe

Recovering from a mastectomy can be both mentally and physically taxing. The team at A Fitting Experience Mastectomy Shoppe will support you with personalized care and garments designed to help your recovery go as smoothly as possible. Our selection of breast forms, compression garments, and post-surgical bras can ensure you recover comfortably and in style.

Our convenient online portal allows you to quickly and easily fill out insurance documents to claim your mastectomy products, and our experienced team of ABCOP-certified fitters can provide you with a personalized post-surgical bra fitting in the weeks leading up to your surgery, as well as a mastectomy bra and breast form fitting, once the swelling has subsided.

You are not alone in your journey to a cancer-free life. Contact A Fitting Experience Mastectomy Shoppe today to learn more about how our products and services can help your mastectomy recovery.

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